What happens if u don’t treat a dental cavity?Munil Koppanati
If you do not treat a dental cavity, the decay can penetrate the enamel and gradually widen and deepen into the root of the tooth. The longer you leave a dental cavity without treatment, the worse it’s going to get. They’re easily the most common form of dental disease affecting teeth all over the world. A cavity can begin without you even knowing it and persistently gets worse over time. It’s not a sudden, all-at-once pain like a bone fracture, but the damage can be just as bad, and sometimes even worse.
What happens if you leave cavities untreated?
Dental cavities are holes or deep pits starting at the enamel – the surface – of teeth. These are formed when the bacteria in the mouth becomes overgrown and produces acids which melt the tooth. These bacteria then burrow in deeper and continue consuming sugars and starchy carbs that go into the mouth to produce more acid and melt more tooth. More bacteria join in this colony and spread out to infect the rest of the tooth with their own waste, turning the surface black.
Dental cavities can be sources of bacterial infections. It’s the least harmful when it’s on the enamel layer and being swept away by saliva or brushed away by a toothbrush, but the problem starts once bacteria gets further in. Affecting the inner dentin of the tooth can make it very difficult to repair the basic layer of the tooth. And deeper than that is the pulp, which houses the nerves and blood capillaries. Infecting that can potentially spread the infection from your jaw into the rest of your body.
Leaving a cavity, even if you feel no pain or sensitivity from it, will only create much worse problems down the line. If you notice a cavity, schedule an appointment for dental cleaning and have a dentist assess the situation. Catching it early will require less work overall to save the tooth, but waiting too long could mean losing the whole tooth.
Can Cavities Spread to Other Teeth?
Dental cavities can’t spread to other teeth, but the conditions that create a cavity on one tooth certainly can develop into cavities on your other teeth. If a tooth gets a cavity, then the environment in the mouth is already at the point where cavities can and will form. The next tooth to get one may be on the other side of the mouth, or on the top instead of bottom row of teeth. The presence of sugars and starchy carbs can continue to make it worse.
Dental cavities themselves can’t spread and make more of themselves, they can only grow where they are. If a tooth has multiple cavities, it’s because it has that much bacteria surrounding it. The main issue is the potential infection that follows, which can spread. Infections in one tooth can spread into the gums, which can lead to swelling and weakening the teeth around it. Infections can result in multiple teeth being compromised from the root up.
Dealing with dental cavities is best done through prevention. If you have one, keep brushing and reduce sugary foods to keep it from growing, and get it fixed before the problem gets worse.