How Do Dental Implants Work?Munil Koppanati
Dental implants can be an extremely effective treatment in regaining proper functionality and stability of your teeth. Patient’s who may have had extensive tooth damage or erosion often have their teeth replaced with an implant, with the goal of offering a rather permanent solution to missing teeth.
Dental Implants typically consist of three different parts. First is the implant root which is made of titanium, porcelain, or some other rigid metal that is fused with the jaw bone. This is allowed to heal for a few months before any further procedures.
The second part is the abutment which is part of the implant that is visible above the gum line. Lastly is the crown which is fitted on top of the abutment and looks like a normal tooth.
How Are Dental Implants Done Step by Step
Placement of a dental implant typically involves four main steps. The first involves an initial consultation with a dental professional. During your consultation, your dentist will first make sure that you have enough underlying bone tissue for an implant to fuse with. If there isn’t enough bone tissue, a bone graft will be performed.
If there is enough bone tissue or a bone graft is performed successfully, the next step is placing the implant root. For this, gum tissue will be opened up, the root will be surgically fixated to the underlying bone, and the gums will be allowed to heal and the root allowed to properly fuse with the bone for a few weeks or months.
Once proper healing has occurred, the abutment will be placed which involves opening the gums again. After this is done, the gums are allowed to heal for a few weeks.
Lastly, the permanent crown is fixated to the abutment, and can be made of a wide variety of materials that can match the exact color of your existing teeth.
What Are Dental Implants Made Of
The implant root itself is a metal screw that is fixated to the jaw. The dental implant involving the crown can be made of a wide variety of materials ranging from plastic, to titanium, and even porcelain. Most patients prefer porcelain as it matches the natural color of teeth rather well, however your dentist can suggest other alternatives depending on your needs.
Aftercare For Dental Implants
Proper care of your teeth and maintaining adequate oral hygiene after a successful dental implant procedure is a necessity. This involves brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily to remove trapped food particles, and visiting your dentist for regular teeth cleanings. Also, if you notice swelling, excessive pain, or bleeding from the gums after a dental implant is placed, it’s important to contact your emergency dentist immediately as this may be signs of an infection.